Dominated by the peaks of the Vilcanota Mountain Range, this was the Inca’s preferred location. Here they established their cultivation fields and erected their main temples and cities, wonders that amaze visitors from the entire world.
The territory that covers the Urubamba or Vilcanota River from the town of Pisac to Ollantaytambo, located to the northeast of Cusco City, is known as the Sacred Valley of the Incas. This is where the legend of the Inca people was forged and its fertile fields sustained the Imperial city and its noblemen. Its mountains -decorated by extensive systems of terraces that are still used today- were used integrally to cultivate agricultural products such as potatoes and corn, the main crops of the Tahuantinsuyo. In these lands, the Incas built magnificent adoration temples, like the one found in Pisac; masterpieces of engineering, which include the agricultural terraces in Chincheros; and inexpugnable fortresses, such as the one in Ollantaytambo. The governors that periodically came into power in Cusco also erected palaces and rest places, which continue to surprise and wonder both archaeologists and tourists alike.
With the arrival of the Conquerors, Spanish towns were created; locations with admirable religious architecture, along with streets and main plazas that own peculiar formations, today used for Sunday fairs. The valley catches the attention of visitors from all over the world, as along with its historical attractions and imposing landscapes, it offers an excellent array of adventure sports which include rafting on the Urubamba River, mountain-climbing on the Chicon, Pitusiray, Veronica or Sawasiray Snow Peaks, all above the 5,000 masl, mountain biking, horse-back riding and trekking. So keep in mind that this valley has it all.